Eczema, which is also scientifically called atopic dermatitis, is a common skin condition that causes scaly, itchy, dry, rough, irritated, and inflamed patches on the skin. For sure, eczema can flare up, subside, and then flare up again. Particularly, this skin condition occurs on the face, arms, inner elbows, and the back of the knees. Note that Eczema is not contagious. Interestingly, the exact cause of eczema is unknown; nonetheless, experts think that it occurs when the immune system ignores proteins that are part of human body and attacks them. Therefore, below, we have highlighted the common triggers, risk factors, and remedies that one can use to regulate the condition.
Common Triggers of Eczema
Some of the common triggers of eczema include
- Food allergies
- Animal dander
- Upper respiratory infections like asthma
- Temperature changes
- Sudden drop in humidity
- Raised body temperatures
- Rough scratchy material like wool
- Chemicals found in cleansers and detergents that dry out the skin
Risk Factors of Eczema
People with asthma and hay fever conditions are at a higher risk of developing eczema.
Lifestyle and Home Remedies of Regulating Eczema
Eczema makes the skin scaly, itchy and dry. However, lifestyle changes can have a positive impact on reducing this skin condition. Some of the lifestyle and home remedies a person with eczema can adopt including
- Moisturising Your Skin at Least Twice a Day
Since Eczema skin is deprived of moisture, people with the condition should sufficiently moisturise it. Indeed, moisturisers such as bath oils, creams, ointments, sprays that lack alcohol are the best for individuals with eczema. Dermatologists recommend that people with eczema should moisturise before bedtime and in the morning after showering.
- Do Not Scratch the Skin
Scratching the skin may cause inflamed area of the skin to break and when these inflamed regions break they start to ooze out fluids and hence worsen the condition. Rather than scratching when you itch, try pressing on the skin.
- Take a Warm Bath
As eczema skin is scaly, itchy, dry and irritated, warm bath will soothe the skin. Therefore, doctors recommend that the patients add finely ground uncooked oatmeal into the bath water.
- Use Mild Soaps without Dyes or Perfumes
Furthermore, use mild non-alkaline soaps that do not contain dyes or perfume. For sure, the harsh chemicals in alkaline soaps may trigger eczema. Also, ensure you rinse of the soap completely after you have used it.
- Use a Humidifier
Hot and dry air can trigger eczema and worsen itching and flaking. Hence you can use a humidifier to add moisture to the air inside your home.
- Regulate Stress and Anxiety
Since stress and anxiety triggers and worsens eczema, improving your emotional health will improve your overall skin health.
- Wear Smooth-Textured Natural Fabric Clothing
Smooth-textured natural fabrics reduces irritation of the skin. Particularly, avoid wool and synthetic fibres as they are rough, tight and, scratchy and they may worsen the skin condition. Also, during hot weather wear light comfortable clothes to prevent excessive sweating.